Your asphalt is going to experience a lot of wear and tear. If you want it to last longer, you need to do routine maintenance. Aside from that, routine maintenance can also help improve the safety of your property.  

Another way to extend the life of your pavement is to regularly check your paving for cracks and fix them as soon as possible. However, before you hire paving contractors Adelaide to fix your asphalt, it’s ideal to recognize the various types of cracks. Here are some of them: 

Slippage Cracks 

This type of paving crack appears like the asphalt is slipping along the pavement’s surface. They’re categorized by deep open gaps and wrinkles. Slippage cracks happen if the top layer fails to properly stick to the layer under it. It can also happen if too much sand was utilized in the mixture of the asphalt.  

This type of crack requires either partial or complete depth patches. This depends on the crack’s severity and amount of slippage on the surface. 

Reflection Cracking 

This type of crack is cracking along the pavement’s surface. Reflection cracks are usually straight. Oftentimes, they create a grid throughout the pavement’s surface. 

It is advised that you fill these cracks with asphalt and sealant mixture. This will help avoid moisture from breaching the surface. If water reaches inside, it can cause more damage.  

Transverse and Linear Cracking 

This type of crack is also called longitudinal cracking. It happens along the pavement’s joints. Usually, it’s done in sections or strips if asphalt is laid throughout big surfaces. Cracks form if the joints between the two sections are constructed improperly. Day-to-day temperature changes and shrinkage of the asphalt surface are some of the other reasons.  

Drainage needs to be improved around the surface to stop water from leaking into the asphalt and underlying layers. You need to fill the cracks with a mixture of sand and asphalt or emulsion slurry.  

Fatigue Cracking 

This is also called alligator cracking. It’s defined by a lot of minor cracks in a particular area that resemble an alligator’s skin. This form of cracking shows a flaw in the installation and design of the asphalt surface, dramatic fluctuations of temperatures, and excessive loads.  

Complete patches are recommended since this form of cracking shows a fundamental flaw with all layers.  

Edge Cracking 

This type of crack appears along the exterior edges of the pavement. Usually, they’re long and run in the road’s direction. Edge cracking is caused by the soil under the road shrinking and drying, excessive traffic, heavy vegetation along the road’s outside edge, and much more.  

You can fill edge cracks with your choice of asphalt emulsion or asphalt crack seal. Drainage around the asphalt needs to be improved when fixing edge cracks.  

Block Cracking 

This type of crack is identified by circles or squares of cracks in the paving. This is a sign that the installer utilized a dry mix during the installation. Fortunately, you can fix this problem by just surface treatments and thin overlays.